The Internet of Things (IoT) is the concept of connecting all digital devices in the world with the internet. This provides these objects with the ability to send and receive information via the internet, thereby making them “smarter” and allowing them communicate without requiring human intervention.
If the devices connected through IoT have sensors, they can transmit important information across the internet and between devices. One of the most widely used IoT applications is for “smart” lighting. Light bulbs with IoT can be controlled remotely using smartphones and the internet.
The term IoT is usually reserved for objects that don’t usually have internet connection capabilities, such as a light bulb. This is why devices such as smartphones and computers are not considered IoT devices.
IoT’s earliest applications can be traced back to the beginning of the 21st century to when RFID tags were used to locate and keep track of expensive electronic items. Given that the cost of sensors keeps falling every year, IoT can be implemented on cheaper devices without adding to the device’s production costs significantly.
Benefits of IoT for businesses
Many manufacturers have begun adding sensors to their product devices so that they can track their performance remotely. This is useful for helping companies spot when a device is about to fail, and take action accordingly.
Some of this sensor data may also be used by companies to get a more accurate picture of their supply chains. Any inefficiencies in the supply chain can then be identified and eliminated with the help of this data.
Benefits of IoT for consumers
IoT is set to make the lives of consumers a lot easier as well. Devices such as Google Nest can play music and set timers remotely via smartphones. Home security devices with IoT can transmit information to home owners so that they can monitor the inside and outside of their homes.
Thermostats with IoT can be used to set the temperature of a home while the homeowner is away. This ensures the home is at their desired temperature when they return.
Is IoT secure?
IoT offers many benefits to both businesses and consumers, but the security of the technology is considered poor. Very few IoT devices use security features such as data encryption. This makes it easy to hack into these IoT devices and steal sensitive information from them.
These devices collect a lot of information via their sensors, so the privacy of IoT device owners could be at risk if better security features are not implemented in the devices. As IoT devices continue to grow in popularity and make life easier for everyone, manufacturers must prioritize the security of these devices.
IoT is paving the way for a future where the physical world and the digital world are integrated, but this integration should not come at the expense of security and privacy.